Ceplok, The Ancient Motif

Hello all! Finally back with new story about batik after few months busy with life. Anyway, I tried to rearranged this blog, made it nice to be read. Hope all of you like it guys!

Now, back to Batik. I tried to collect an old motif and bring it back into this modern world. This is it! Ceplok motif.

Ceplok motif actually is a group/ family of motifs that consisted of a geometric pattern. Specifically, this geometric motif is very various but it depicts inside of “square” area. You can imagine a square area, and you put some of the pattern inside it. Well, difficult to be imagined rite? Yeah, I can feel it.

I hope this picture can help you.


So, this is the square ones. Inside it, you may put some pattern of batik. Of course what you put inside it should based on the batik rules. Many references said that ceplok motif was influenced by Hindi religion. Ceplok also can be found in the the Hindi temple as geometric pattern. At least, ceplok motif was listed as a various types in the XVII century at the time of the kingdom of Mataram Sultan Agung of Mataram Kartasura (it is in Solo, one of batik central in Java). The Ceplok family includes a wide range of geometric designs, often based on circular rosettes, stars or other small shapes, forming an overall symmetric pattern on the cloth.

As mentioned above, ceplok is group/ family of batik motif. In this time, let me talk about the oldest ceplok motif member, called ceplok kawung. Kawung is name of palm fruit. In Indonesia, this palm tree is called as “aren”. It has fruits, dazzling near the leafs and when you cut the fruit, you will see kolang-kaling. Kolang-kaling can be eaten after you bowled it. Usually it will be added in the cocktail.



These are the ceplok kawung motif, the ancient ceplok ~ we are using to call it ‘kawung motif’ only. This kawung represents the 4 directions: south, nort, west and east, which it means stability of the life.

Later on, ceplok motif has many variations which is named based on many factors:

  1. The inventor/ user: ceplok Purbonegoro, ceplok Madu Sumirat, ceplok Sirat Madu, ceplok Cokrokusumo, etc.
  2. The ornament: ceplok kembang jeruk, ceplok manggis, ceplok salak sategal, ceplok supit urang, ceplok cakar ayam, ceplok gandosan, ceplok kembang waru, ceplok lung slop, ceplok gambir saketi, ceplok kembang gambir, etc.
  3. The place of the origin: ceplok medusa, ceplok pekalongan, etc.

I can say that it s hard to find the picture of these various types of ceplok. Most of them just mentioned in the references without any explanation. So sad. Anyway, I will try my best to give you info of some types.

Ceplok Purbonegoro this is the Yogyakarta-ceplok-type. Purbo means ‘taking care’ and negoro means ‘country’. Gotten inspiration by sunflower, previously, only King or community leader who can use this batik motif. Hopefully that the King or community leader will taking care the prosperity and the safety of the people. This picture of ceplok purbonegoro can be found in the website “Budaya Indonesia”. Mentioned in the website, the owner of this batik is the Indonesian First Lady, Mrs Anni Yudoyono (2004-2014). 4

Ceplok Grompol means to gather together. Often worn for wedding ceremonies (siraman ceremony – the day before the main ceremony) by the bridge, the pattern symbolizes the coming together of a harmonious marriage, for children, good luck, and happiness.


Ceplok Cakar Ayam is used by the parents of the bridgegroom in the traditional javanese wedding ceremony. Cakar ayam means chicken foot. If you ever see how chicken look for food, they will use their foots to dig the soil. They wake up early morning, then look for the food. In Indonesia, chicken is the symbol of diligent animal. The parents hope that the couple can earn money, work well and live independently. Well, actually the parents want to set their selves free from the children, hahaha.


Okay, I think this is all for today. I don’t want to give you too much info at one time. InshaAllah I will add more later, see you all!

Reference: wikipedia, aren; americanbatik; debatique; seni rupa terapan batik; toko batik wahyu tumurun; batik winotosastro; visit yogyakarta; budaya Indonesa; dunianyamaya; anihaqqi; armedasyfa;




Categories: Batik

Tags: , , ,

3 replies

  1. Mbak Rohima, saya minta ijin untuk copy link dari web mbak Rohima tentang batik, untuk reference Batik Roll Cake di blog saya

  2. Selamat malam,

    Thanks for this very usefull description! Bagus!

    Terima kasih

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