Written Batik: How to make it



Written batik is a type of batik which is written by the artist using canting.


This is the picture of canting. Canting has pot that is filled with batik wax.

There ‘re three common ways to make written batik: traditional way, kesikan/ lorodan wway, and last is coastal/ Pekalongan way.

  • Traditional way

Traditional way of making written batik has  7 steps. Usually traditional way uses indigo blue and soga colors (kind of brown). Yogyakarta and Solo batik use this way.

  1. Mbatik/ nglowong. In this step, pattern of the fabric is written.
  2. Nembok. The fabric part which the color will be white is filled with batik wax. The wax is used in this step is different with the 1st step. The wax is stronger and more detail.
  3. Medel, In this step the fabric is soaked in the coloring water. Because of the color is absorbed slowly, this process is done several time. The color is indigo blue.
  4. Ngerok/ nggirah is the step to clean the batik wax especially for the pattern which will be filled by soga color. This step uses a blunt short knife.
  5. Mbironi, is the step to fill the part of fabric which will be blue. This process is done in the both sides of the fabric.
  6. Nyoga, the fabric is colored using soga. As the 3rd step, this step is done several time and then the fabric is dried in the outdoor.
  7. Nglorod, is the last step. The batik wax is wash away using boiled water.


  • Kesikan/ Lorodan way

The differentiate with traditional way is the 4th step. In this step, the batik wax is wash away using “nglorod” process. The product is called “kelengan” . After the 4th step, the batik will be processed into next step to cover the part of the pattern which still will be blue.

  • Coastal/ Pekalongan way

Coastal batik has more colors than traditional batik. That’s why coastal way to make written batik has more steps, 10 steps.

  1. Mbathik or nglowong
  2. Nyolet, to give color in some parts based on the pattern by brush the paint in those parts.
  3. Nutup, is the step to cover the 2nd step using batik wax.
  4. Ndhasari, soaked the background pattern in the coloring water.
  5. Menutup Dasaran, this step is covering the parts of the background so the color will be saved after the next step.
  6. Medel
  7. Nglorod, as the 4th step of kesikan or lorodan way.
  8. Nutup and granitan, this step is to cover the part of the pattern and the part which still will be white. In this step, the pattern will add some patterns as white dots in the outer part of the fabric. This part of the fabric is called granit.
  9. Nyoga
  10. Nglorod














Categories: Batik

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